from sandstone, the arch also houses the Eternal Flame, a gesture in
memory of the Indian soldiers who laid their lives in the 1971 war with
Pakistan. India Gate, a majestic structure, 42 metres high, is set at
the end of Rajpath, perhaps
most beautiful area of New Delhi with plush green lawns in the backdrop.
It is a popular picnic spot during the winters and equally popular as a
relaxation area during the summer evenings.
The monument was
dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin.
Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti was added much later, after India got
its independence. It is in the form of a flame that burns day and night
under the arch to remind the nation of soldiers who laid down their
lives in the Indo-Pakistan War of December 1971. The entire arch stands
on a low base of red Bharatpur stone and rises in stages to a huge
molding, beneath, which are inscribed Imperial sons. Above on both sides
is inscribed INDIA, flanked by MCM and to the right, XIX.
eternal flame called Amar Jawan Jyoti that runs on gas was lit in 1971
to honour the martyrs. During the night, it is intensely floodlit and
the fountains nearby are lit up with coloured lights.Close by is the
canopy which once became controversial and under whose red sandstone
roof was the marble statue of King George V which has been shifted from
there. The canopy was also designed and built by Lutyens.