exhibits the pride and glory of Rajasthan in the form of its various
forts and monuments. It is a ruined
where the royal past lives in the imposing forts, graceful palaces and
spectacular chhatris. The entire city echoes with the tales of romance
and valor unique to the Rajput tradition.History
is one of the most fiercely contested seats of power on in India. About
72 miles of east of Udaipur stands chittor. with its formidable
fortifications Bappa Rawal, the legendary founder of the Sisodia
dynasty, received Chittor in the middle of the eighth century, as part
of the last Solanki princess's dowry. It crowns a seven-mile- long hill,
covering 700 acres (280 hectares), with its fortifications, temples,
towers and palaces.
Chittors first defeat occurred in
1303 when Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Pathan king of Delhi, besieged the fort
in order to capture the beautiful Padmini, wife of the Ranas
uncle, Bhim Singh. When defeat was inevitable, the Rajput noblewomen,
including Padmini, committed jauhar and Bhim Singh led the orange-clad
noblemen out to their deaths. In 1535 it was Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of
Gujarat, who besieged the fort and, once again, the medieval dictates of
chivalry determined the outcome. This time, the carnage was immense.It
is said that 13,000 Rajput women and 32,000, Rajput warriors died
following the declaration of jauhar.
The final sack of Chittor
came just 33 years later, in 1568, when the Mughal emperor. Akbar, took
the town. Once again, the fort was defended heroically but once again,
the odds were overwhelming and the women performed jauhar, the fort
gates were flung open and 8000 orange clad warriors rode out to their
deaths. On this occasion, Maharana Udai Singh fled to Udaipur where he
re-established his capital. In 1616 Jehangir returned Chittor to the
Rajputs but there was no attempt of resettlement.More
Legend has it that it was because of the
beautiful Padmini that Chittaurgarh was sacked the first time. When
Sultan Ala-ud-din Khilji, the ruler of Delhi, heard of Padminis
beauty, he requested Rana Rattan Singh (her husband) for a glimpse of
the queen. However, the Sultan was permitted to see only the reflection
of the queen from a water tank that overlooked the palace. Ala-ud-din is
said to have been so carried away by Padminis beauty that he
attacked Chittor in order to possess her. This led to the first bitter
and bloody siege of the Chittaurgarh fort and the subsequent mass
How to reach
- The Fort
The fort lies on a 180 meter high hill and
is spread over 700 acres. the Vijay Stambh or Tower of Victory was
built in 1440 to make the victory of Rana Kumbha in a battle. The
imposing 37 metre high structures with nine storeys covered with
exquisite sculptures of Hindu deities and depicting episodes. All of
Chittor's attractions are within the fort. The main gate on the
eastern side of the fort is known as the Surajpol. From the western
end of the fort, there are fine views over the town and across the
surrounding country-side, as well as a less-than charming view of an
enormous cement factory.
- Padmini's Palace
beside a large pool with a pavilion in its centre. Legend relates
that, as Padmini sat in this pavilion, Alaud-din was permitted to
see her reflection in a mirror in the palace. The bronze gates in
this pavilion were carried off by Akbar and can now be seen in the
fort at Agra.
- Vijay Stambh
It was built in 1440 AD. by Maharaja
Kumbha, a powerful ruler of Mewar, to commemorate his victory over
the Muslim rulers of Malwa and Gujarat. It is 37 metre high
structure with nine storeys, covered with exquisite sculptures of
- Kalika Mata Temple
A temple of mother Goddess Kali
Who is the symbol of power. Originally it was built as a Sun temple
in the 8th century and later was converted into Kalika Temple in
14th century AD.
- Kirti Stambh
Chittor's other famous tower, the 22
metres high 'Kirti Stambha', or 'Tower of Fame', is older and
smaller than the 'Tower of Victory'. Built by wealthy Jain merchant,
it is dedicated to Adinathji, the first Jain tirthankar. A narrow
stairway leads through the seven storeys to the top.
Indian airlines operates flight to Delhi, Jaipur,
Jodhpur and Mumbai.
Chittaurgarh has travel links with Ahmedabad,
Ajmer, Udaipur, Kota and Delhi.
Chittaurgarh is on the main bus and train route.
By road its well connected with Ajmer and Udaipur. There are
frequent connections to these places.