is the second largest city of the state, Jodhpur is situated on a
sandstone mountain 236 m high. The city had its foundations laid
in 1459 by the chief of the Rathore Rajputs, Rao Jodha. The city derives
its name from Baggy-tight
In the past, Marwar or the desert capital of the
Rathore kings was in Jodhpur. The Rathore Rajputs are said to have
descended from Ramchandra of the Ramayana and the epic mentions Jodhpur
as Northern Marwar. In the past, the caravan route to the Middle East
was via Jodhpur-Jaisalmer and because of this, Jodhpur flourished owing
to the wealth acquired through trade. The people of this part of the
country are better known as Marwaris. Jodhpur is popular with tourists
because of its 2 forts and the lake. Equally popular are its
tie-and-die-print and shoes.
The desert region starts from
Jodhpur. In the 16th century a 10 km long wall was built to save the
city from the encroaching sand. In summer the temperature varies from
36.6-42.2° Celsius and in winter from 15.5-27.5° Celsius. The
best time to pay a visit is from October to Mareh.History
was founded by the Rajput chief Rao Jodha in 1459. The city was the
erstwhile capital of the Marwar state. A 10-km-long wall made of stone
surrounds the city. Eight doors stand all through the wall leading to
different places of Jodhpur. The city has about 100 towers most of which
are surrounded by defensive battlements. The guards' chambers,
constructed high up above the ground and fitted with iron spikes on top,
could be seen alongside these walls.
The labyrinthine old city
is a more visually exciting experience than Jaipur, but besides
exploring these medieval streets and visiting Mehrangarh Fort and Umaid
Bhawan Palace, there's not much to hold you here for more than a day or
two -- most people use Jodhpur only as a jumping-off point to Jaisalmer
or as an overnight stop before traveling on to Jaipur or Udaipur --
though a stay at Bal Samand Lake Palace or Umaid Bhawan Palace may have
you wishing you'd extended your time here.Climatic
The temperature in summer is 36.6 degree to
42.2-degree Celsius. In winters the temperature falls to 15.5-degree
Celsius to 27.5 degree Celsius. Maximum Rainfall recorded in Jodhpur is
How to reach
- Umaid Bhawan Palace
The palace is counted amongst the
finest palaces in India. The palace has 347 rooms and a museum. The
palace has now been transformed in a luxury hotel.
- Mehrangarh Fort
Mehrangarh Fort is situated at the
hilltop. This is one of the largest forts in India. The fort is
under the administration of the Maharaja of Jodhpur. The Mehrangarh
Fort museum has antiques, ornaments and weapons.
- Mandore Garden
The beautiful garden has few Cenotaphs
of Jodhpur's former rulers and small temples.
- Jaswant Thada
Jaswant Thada is also known as Taj
Mahal of Marwar. Milky-white marble centaph was built in the memory
of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II in 1899.
Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur lie on the Airlines
route that links Delhi and Mumbai.
Jaipur is well connected by train to main cities
of India. Indian Railway reservation office opens from Monday to
Saturday. There are several trains from Jaipur to Agra, Bombay,
Udaipur, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Kota, Chittorgarh, Alwar, Shekhawati and
Delhi. There is a Shatabdi Exp. between Jaipur and Delhi and
continue to Alwar and Shekhawati.
The state Roadways coaches link most tourist
places and business centres in and around the state.
Chauffeur-driven airconditioned cars can be hired thourgh the State
Tourist Offices and other approved operators.