Sultanpur National Park is located in the Indian state of Haryana at a
distance of 45 km from Delhi, the national capital. The park extends
from latitude 28°37' in the North to longitude 77°04' in the
east. It is well connected by roads
Delhi and Gurgaon, the district headquarters.
National Park & Bird Sanctuary is located in Gurgaon district of
Haryana, 50 km from Delhi and 15 km from Gurgaon on the Gurgaon - Farukh
Nagar Road. This park, ideal for birding and bird watchers, is best
visited in winters when a large number of migratory birds come here. In
old maps of Gurgaon, this area is shown as marshy land where water
accumulates during rains and dries out in summer. A number of organisms
like crustaceans, fish and insects thrive during floods which attract a
number of birds to this area. It's potential as a bird preserve, was
first identified by an enthusiastic bird watcher, Mr. Peter Jackson. He
convinced Mrs Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister, of the need for
giving protection to this area (Read this in Peter Jackson's own words).
Keeping in view it's potential, the area covering 359 acres was declared
a Bird Sanctuary in 1971 and was upgraded to the status of National Park
in 1991 by the Haryana Government.
Climate Climate of the area
is tropical. It is quite hot in summer and chilly in winter. The best
time to visit Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary is between December and January.
This time you can see a number of migratory birds in the sanctuary.
Department of Wild Life Preservation Haryana has carried out a number of
development works like construction of mounds, and widening of paths,
four tubewells have also been dug. Efforts are being made to improve the
vegetation on this area by plantation works. Trees which are popular
with the birds like Acacia Nilotica, Acacia Tortilis, Beris and Neem
have been planted. For the benefit of bird lovers certain facilities
have been provided like an education and interpretation centre, a
library as well as films, slides and binoculars. There are four watch
towers located at different points. In addition there is parking and
facilities for toilets and drinking water.
In Sultanpur, 250
bird species have been recorded (check list 1985), 150 are resident
while others come from distant regions like Siberia, Europe and
Afghanistan. The Painted Stork, White Ibis, Little Brown Dove, India
Crested Lark, Myna, Redvented Bulbul, Magpie Robin, Weaver Bird. Every
Year 90 migratory bird species arrive here in search of feeding grounds
and to pass the winter. In winter the sanctuary provides a picturesque
panorama of migratory birds (87 species) such as Rosy Pelican, Spotted
Sand Piper, Starling, Blue Throat. In summer, 11 species of migratory
birds such as Koel and Cuckoos are recognised by their melodious songs.How
Airport - Indira Gandhi International Airport,
Delhi (35 km) Palam Domestic Airport, Delhi (35 km).The nearest
airport from Sultanpur is the Indira Gandhi International Airport
and Palam Domestic Airport in Delhi at a distance of just 35 km.
Indira Gandhi airport is connected with most of the important
international destinations by regular flights of the major airlines.
Palam Domestic Airport is connected to almost all the major cities
in India by regular flights of the Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, and
Sahara Airlines apart from the other small domestic airlines.
Railway Station - Gurgaon Railway Station (15
km). Gurgaon is the nearest railway station connected to Delhi and
many places in Haryana and Rajasthan by regular trains. New Delhi,
Nizamuddin, and Old Delhi railway stations are important railway
links from where one can get trains to almost all parts of the
Bus Stand - Gurgaon Bus Stand (15 km) Dhaula
Kuan Bus Stop (40 km). From Gurgaon there are regular buses to the
Sultanpur National Park run by Haryana State Roadways. Gurgaon is
connected to Delhi by buses leaving Dhaula Kuan in Delhi every five
minutes. Taxis and tourist cars are also available on hire from
Delhi and Gurgaon to visit Sultanpur.