is situated on the bank of Yamuna river,
between 27°11' North latitude and 78°0' degree to 78°2'
East longitude, at 169 meters above sea level. On the north it is
bounded by Mathura, on the south by Dhaulpur, on the east by Firozabad,
and on the west by Bharatpur. Travel to the great historical city of
Agra and understand why Taj Mahal is considered as the "Love of a
Man Epitomized in Stone". Travel to Agra and discover the fact that
Agra is not only Taj Mahal but much more. The architectural splendor of
the city is reflected in the glorious monuments of medieval India built
by great Mughals who ruled India for more than 300 years. Travel to Agra
and experience the the organized chaos that is India. India is best
understood from the rampages of Agra Fort and nothing else.
monument was commissioned in 1631 and took 20,000 artisans, 22 years to
complete. An entire township now known as Taj Ganj came up around the
site. Here, craftsmen live and sell their wares of marble and stone
inlay and replicas of the Taj. After the reign of the last great Mughal,
Aurangzeb, Agra fell into the hands of the Jats and then the Marathas.
In 1803, the British under General Lake captured the city. Once again,
it secured its position of eminence as the capital of the north-western
In summer, between March and
June, the temperature soars up to 45°C during the day. Dry, searing
winds heat up the ground and make it difficult to venture outdoors.
Light cottons are the best clothing, except in winter, when light
woollens are required. The temperature is around 28°C during the
day, but can go down to 4°C at night.Agra Sightseeing
How To Reach Agra
- Taj Mahal
Situated on the banks of the River Yamuna,
the Taj Mahal stands at the northern end of formal gardens. The
white marble came from Makrana in Rajasthan and the red sandstone
from Fatehpur Sikri. Precious stones like jade, crystal, turquoise,
lapis lazuli, sapphire, jade, coral and diamonds were brought from
far-flung places in Tibet, China, Sri Lanka, Persia and Afghanistan.
It is believed that a fleet of 1000 elephants was used to transport
- Agra Fort
dominant structure and the World Heritage Site, the Agra Fort, also
called the Red Fort, was rebuilt by Akbar in 1565. The red sandstone
fort was renovated and converted into a palace during Shah Jahan's
time, and reworked extensively with marble and pietra dura inlay.
Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque, the
Diwan-e-Am and Diwan-e-Khas (halls of public and private audience),
Jehangir's Palace, Khaas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal (mirrored palace), and
- Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb
Empress Nur Jehan built
Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, sometimes called the Baby Taj, for her
father, Ghias-ud-Din Beg, the Chief Minister of Emperor Jahangir.
Small in comparison to many other Mughal-era tombs, it is sometimes
described as a jewel box. Its garden layout and use of white marble,
pietra dura, inlay designs and latticework presage many elements of
the Taj Mahal.
Agraairport is about 7 kms. from the city center
and 3 km from Idgah bus stand. Indian airlines operate daily tourist
shuttle flights to Agra, Khajuraho, Varanasi and back.
Agra is well connected by railroad. The main
railway station is the Agra Cantonment station. Trains like Palace
on Wheel, Shatabdi, Rajdhani, and Taj Express are the best choices
to reach Agra from Delhi.