is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It's widely
known as " Satpura ki Rani", situated at a height of 3500 ft.
in a valley of the Satpura Range in Pandav Caves PachmarhiHoshangabad
district, 32 miles by road
Piparia station on the Indian Railways. Piparia is 2 hrs Train run from
Jabalpur. All the trains departing towards Itarsi from Jabalpur pass
through Piparia, but only a few halt here. The area was discovered in
the modern times by Captain James Forsyth of the British army in 1857
Pachmarhi became a hill-station and sanatorium for British troops in the
Central Provinces of India. The population in 1901 was 3020, rising to
double that number in the hot summer months. Pachmarhi also served as
the summer capital.
Among the few exceptional hill resorts in
India, is Pachmarhi is Madhya Pradesh. It is not on the usual beat of
hill station buffs and therefore, not over-developed. Though considered
a hill station, it does not offer the predictable mountain fare of
awesome heights and spectacular scenery, for the Satpuras are low lying
weathered hills. Pachmarhi' s appeal is low key. Peace, seclusion and a
quiet unobtrusive beauty are its prime attractions.History
has a somewhat fateful history. The year that Rani of Jhansi and her
Maratha soldiers declared Mutiny, a rather prosaic English officer who
had a way with words, was sent to the dense Satpura jungles to quell a
rebellion. After walking for 17 miles, Captain Forsyth of the Bengal
Lancers found himself 2000 feet above the sea and a saucer-shaped
plateau spread out before him. The vegetation had changed. The dry
yellow grass and naked tree stems had given way to dense green
undergrowth, moist banks of streams were covered with ferns and mosses
and clear brooks refreshed the tired troops.
The village of
Puchmurree was still some miles distan, and we hurried along over the
now almost level plateau to get shelter as soon as possible, as we had
already walked almost seventeen miles and the sun was about to set,
wrote the captain in a book later. At this point in history, the
population of tigers, leopards, bear and other carnivores was fairly
significant in the dense jungles of Satpura and we can presume
the captain and his troops didnt want to be supper to them. Even
today, one may get an occasional sighting of the cats. Or certainly, the
census records their existence. The captain was obviously taking his
notes. He mentions the genus of the trees he encountered a lot of
jamun and mango amongst them (they still thrive) and it must have
been the homesickness he gets annoyingly parochial.
the aspect of the plateau was much more that of a fine English park than
of any scene I had before come across in India, he notes.
Obviously, he hadnt been privileged to visit Shimla yet.Sightseeing
How to reach
- Pandav Caves
As the name suggests, these caves are
said to be associated with the Pandava brothers. Now protected
monuments, these caves are excavated in a hill made of sandstone
rock. These ancient dwellings are famous for having provided shelter
to the Pandavas.
- Satpura National Park
Set up in 1981, it covers an
area of 524 sqkm. It has a dense forest of evergreen, sal, teak and
bamboo. The park is home to the bison, tiger, leopard, bear,
four-horned deer, blue bull and a large variety of birds.
- Cave Shelters
As said above, these cave shelters with
their paintings provide a glimpse into the lifestyle, religious and
social activities and beliefs. A must see for those with an
inclination towards history.
- Apsara Vihar (Fairy Pool)
A beautiful picnic spot
which is ideal for children, as the pool is shallow and deepens only
towards the base of the fall.
Mahadeo hill has a shrine with an idol of
Lord Shiva and an impressive Shivalinga which has been considered
holy over many generations. On the east side is a cave shelter with
- Handi Khoh
This is Pachmarhis most impressive
ravine with a 300 feet high precipice.
- By Air
The nearest airport is Bhopal (195 km), which
is connected by regular flights to Delhi, Gwalior, Indore and
- By Rail
Pipariya (47 km), on the BombayHowrah
mainline via Allahabad, is the most convenient railhead. From
Pipariya, there are frequent buses for Bhopal.
- By Road
Pachmarhi is connected by regular bus
services to Bhopal, Hoshangabad, Nagpur, Pipariya and Chindwara.
M.P. Tourism as well private operators ply buses from Pachmarhi to
the places listed above. Taxis can also be hired for this journey.